Being pack animals, dogs are very social animals. Since domestic dogs have always lived with human beings, they are very comfortable around human beings. Many dogs consider humans as their pack. They love their human friends as much as us humans love each other. Thus, they don’t mind socializing with human beings outside of the household. They love to be petted by our friends and other members of the family.
Letting our dogs socialize with our friends is normal for many of us, but we often disregard underlying problems here. People ignore that dogs could be carriers of germs that are transferable to humans. Human beings can catch several diseases from dogs. Often, dogs can be carriers of a disease without showing symptoms. For example, dogs can be carriers of COVID-19 and might show minimal to no signs of it. Therefore, we have to be careful while letting our dogs socialize with kids and other people. We might unintentionally be spreading diseases through our dogs. Thus, we have to pay close attention to our dog’s health. One precautionary step here protects several human beings and other animals.
Diseases you can get from your dog
There are many diseases that you can get from your dog, which can easily creep into our lives without us ever knowing our little pups are causing them. They are known as zoonotic diseases, which refers to conditions that are transferable to human beings from animals. Thus, it is better to be well-prepared beforehand. You should at least know about the intensity of such diseases to keep your sanity in check and to stay safe.
Following are the most common diseases that you can get from your dog:
Scabies is one of the most common and easily spread diseases caused by scabies, mites, and mange. Humans can easily get scabies from their dogs if their dogs sleep with them or use any of their contaminated bedsheets. There isn’t a defined treatment for scabies, but several prescriptions can decontaminate human beings and household items. It is advisable to leave the piece of clothing or contaminated items in a plastic bag. The mites causing scabies cannot survive without the human body. Therefore, 72 hours are enough to kill them completely.
Symptoms in dogs
- Excessive itching
- Bald spots
- Hair fall
Symptoms in human beings
- Severe and excessive itching
- Rashes all over the body
- Red spots
- Red pimples all over the body
Note: Demodectic mange isn’t transmittable to human beings from dogs.
People usually think that salmonellosis spreads due to eggs and poultry only. Little do they know that it spreads through dogs as well. Salmonella can spread through dry dog food, dog treats, and chew toys. Your dog with salmonella could infect all of these things, and you can get it from touching these items. Salmonella doesn’t affect dogs badly as they don’t get severely sick from it. But for human beings, it is perilous. Human beings can get salmonella from direct contact with dogs who are infected with it. It takes about 12 to 72 hours for salmonella to show symptoms. Human beings need 4 to 7 days to recover. It usually goes away and doesn’t require medicines or other treatments. But if you have severe diarrhea, keep yourself dehydrated and eat plenty of healthy food.
Symptoms in human beings
- Mild to severe diarrhea
- Excessive vomiting
- Pain and cramps in the abdominal region
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)
MRSA is another disease that has no symptoms in dogs. Dogs with MRSA rarely get sick. It is caused by a bacterium that lives on the skin of the animal. Although it is usually not harmful, it can sometimes cause severe infection in human beings. These infections can lead to multiple complications over time. If MRSA is not treated in a timely fashion, it becomes fatal. It usually starts with pneumonia but, if it worsens, it can become untreatable. Thus, go to the doctor if you feel that you have caught something that is causing respiratory or urinary problems. Another major sign is having skin irritation or problems.
The bacterium Capnocytophaga canimorsus cause septicemia, usually found in the saliva of cats and dogs. Human beings can contract it from dog bites and licking. People with weaker immunity and older people are prone to septicemia. It can be treated with antibiotics, but only if it is diagnosed at an earlier stage. Otherwise, septicemia in human beings often leads to death. It can lead you to amputate your hand or leg containing the dog bite. Therefore, wash the bite area as soon as your dog bites you to make sure you have completely removed the germs. Visit the doctor to stop the spread of the disease. Try to isolate yourself to prevent it from spreading to other humans.
Campylobacterosis is a bacterial intestinal disease. It spreads due to dogs and causes bacterial gastroenteritis in human beings. Dogs show minimum to no symptoms of this, aside from perhaps light diarrhea. If human beings contract it from their dog friends, however, they end up having excessive diarrhea. People usually start showing symptoms after 3 to 5 days, which include nausea, exhaustion, cramps, fever, or pain in the abdomen. You don’t require any treatment unless your condition gets worse. Usually, patients recover within a week by taking care of their diet. Therefore, it isn’t that hazardous.
There is one thing common in all of these diseases: dogs show zero to minimal signs of them. This is quite alarming as you will never know if your dog has it or not. You or the people around you could get the disease because of your dog. Thus, it is always better to keep your dog healthy by taking him to the vet regularly. For your own sake, make sure that his underlying diseases get treated.
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